Antibiotic Stewardship

The Dilemma

If you have two patients and one has a bacterial infection and one has a viral infection, it’s often impossible to tell them apart. The problem is that a bacterial infection can quickly escalate and even become deadly, particularly in certain patient populations like pediatrics where immune systems are not fully developed. Because they’re potentially deadly, and current testing can take a long time, antibiotics are often prescribed, just in case.

In fact, 1 in 3 antibiotic prescriptions written are completely unnecessary and most commonly written for viral infections that do not respond to antibiotics. That’s about 47 million prescriptions annually.1

Bacterial and viral infections are often indistinguishable


To treat or not to treat with antibiotics?


Diagnostic uncertainty leads to antibiotic misuse


Every second antibiotics are erroneously prescribed for a viral infection


A fifth of patients with a bacterial infection do not receive timely antibiotics.

What can be done?

Improving diagnosis

Using novel technologies, like the FDA-cleared MeMed BV, to guide antibiotic treatment

Increasing Awareness

Supporting Antibiotic Stewardship programs to reduce antibiotic consumption

Antibiotic Underuse

Antibiotic underuse may lead to prolonged disease duration and increased rate of disease-related complications, both of which may be avoided with prompt treatment of the bacterial infection. Underuse is fairly common. For example, up to 15% of adult patients hospitalized for bacterial pneumonia in the US receive delayed or no antibiotic treatments even though early treatment of bacterial pneumonia is known to save lives and reduce complications.4 Presently, a “watchful waiting” approach is being adopted in certain clinical situations in an attempt to reduce antibiotic overuse. Namely, antibiotics are prescribed only after a waiting period, during which the disease has not proved to be self-limiting. This approach is not without limitations as it may lead in some cases to antibiotic underuse and its associated hazardous consequences.

Contact Us

7 Nahum Het St., Haifa
Park High-Tech North, 3508506, Israel
+972-4-8500302 200 Brickstone Sq., Ste.106
Andover, MA 01801, USA

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